The 7th Nigam of Hyderabad Mir Osmania Ali Khan had allotted 54 acres of land to Babasaheb Dr B R Ambedkar for the establishment of Milind Mahavidyalaya to develop/start educational institutions to cater the best education to the needy Poors, depressed and opressed. For this purpose, Babasaheb Dr B R Ambedkar established Milind Mahavidyalaya in Marathwada region in 1950.
At that time there were Nine colleges in Marathwada region. All affiliated with Osmania University at Hyderabad in current Telangana State. In response to the demand of the Public in Marathwada region for a University at Marathwada, the govt appointed a committee on 27th April 1957 with the charter to provide recommendations regarding establishment of such a University. As per the recommendation of the committee, the governor of Bombay state signed the Marathwada University on 23rd August 1958 and the First Prime Minister of India Shri Jawarlal Nehru inaugurated simultaneously Marathwada University at Aurangabad of Marathwada region and the then affiliated 9 colleges was transferred from Osmania University to the newly formed Marathwada University.
The growth of Miland Mahavidyalaya promoted the leaders of the society to divert the Mahavidyalaya into Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar college of commerce in 1960, Miland college of Arts and Miland college of Science in 1963.
Name Change Movement (Namantar Andolan) :
After formation of Marathwada University, name change movement to change the name of Marathwada University to Babasaheb Dr Ambedkar Marathwada University was started by Dalits(Mahars)and Navayana Buddhists. Thousands of barely literate men and women had shed their blood for it. During Babasaheb’s lifetime, the Dalit movement had seen the Mahad Chavdar Tank satyagraha, the fight for entry into the Kalaram temple and other such momentous events. Of the ones he had left behind for the Dalits to fight, the most important one was the struggle to Rename Marathwada University after Babasaheb Ambedkar name.
The demand to change the name of the university was first raised in 1974. In 1978, when Shri Sharad Pawar’s govt in power, he brought resolutions and passed in favour of name changing in both houses of legislatures. After the announcement, Marathwada begun to burn. The whole of society seemed to be divided between those to supported the change and those who opposed it. The struggle lasted for nearly 20 years. In these 2 decades, many Dalit youths who were involved in the intensive struggle were killed by Caste Hindus and Manuvatis. The riots erupted in the villages. The homes of Dalits/Mahars/Navayana Buddhists were burned. The Shiv Sena was against the renaming. A 180 villages in Marathwada region badly witnessed such a cruel violence. Finally, the Marathwada University name was officially Renamed as Babasaheb Dr Ambedkar Marathwada University on 14 January 1994.
Changing the name of the university was not mere a fight, it was a great fight for the identy of social, cultural, educational, intellectual and living a proud life of the son of soil.
Let’s remember and pay Tribute to the martyrs on this immortal day Jan 14.